Here’s a second application for my Latin Trinity chart (see the first post for what the letters designate). Let’s say that a state of affairs is a thing/substance having a property at a time or timelessly.
The “persons” here are just modes of D, that is, states of affairs involving D. So the Son just is D having Fi. And the Father just is D having P. And the Holy Spirit just is D having Sp. Regarding each of F, S, and H, each of them “just is” D – in the sense that in each of them, there is one and the same D. Similarly, T “just is” D – that is, it is just the state of affairs of D eternally having Fi, Sp, and P. How many things / substances are here? Just one – D. How many states of affairs? Three plus a fourth which is just the sum of the three (the Trinity). So of the Trinity, and of F, S, and, H – each of these (states of affairs) “just is God” in that there’s no other thing involved – only D. The persons are distinct (modes) and so not “confused”. Again, there really is a threesome there – the threeness isn’t an illusion, and isn’t only relative to our thoughts or perceptions of D. D really is a constituent of – the only substantial constituent of – those states of affairs (F, S, H, T).
Does this pass the tests of orthodoxy? Arguably, yes.
- Are each of the persons “fully and equally divine”? Yep – each is as divine as anything is, as each has D as component
- Are F, S, and H homoousias (same substance or essence)? They are, for they equally share D.
- Are there three distinct “persons”? Yes – F, S, and H are most assuredly distinct (non-identical).
- Is there but one God? Yes – T is the one God.
- Are the persons individuated by only the their unique relational properties (P, Fi, and Sp)? Yes – those are all that distinguist one from another.
- Is this compatible with divine simplicity? If the doctrine of divine simplicity says there are no distinct components or properties in the divine nature/essence (D), then yes – nothing in the chart requires any complexity in D. T is complex, of course – but what else do you expect, when it is the case that there are three ”persons” in the one God.
- T really is composed of F, S, and H – those are not merely ways that T appears. Further, it is plausible that those three states of affairs are essential to T, in that T couldn’t exist without them.
Finally, is this a variety of modalism? Yes – specifically, eternally – concurrent, noumenal FSH modalism. Tentative conclusion: you may be a modalist of this sort and an orthodox trinitarian, as those in the ”Latin” tradition view orthodoxy.