Dale Tuggy

Dale Tuggy is Professor of Philosophy at the State University of New York at Fredonia, where he teaches courses in analytic theology, philosophy of religion, religious studies, and the history of philosophy.


  1. Mario Stratta
    July 27, 2017 @ 1:11 pm

    @ Dale

    I have read the “Free Sample Chapter” (Chapter 1 – Don’t be Afraid to Think about God) of your book, What is the Trinity? Thinking about the Father, Son, and Holy Spirit.

    The Creed that is examined and criticized there is exclusively the s.c. “Athanasian Creed”, notoriously apocryphal, and besides, not even considered by the Eastern Orthodox Church.

    Are you still trying to make sense of the Nicene-Constantinopolitan Creed of 381? Have you at all considered that it is the fruit of a compromise between the semi-Arians and the neo-Nicene?

    Are you aware that the before all worlds (æons) [pro pant?n t?n aion?n] was NOT present in the original Nicene Creed of 325? Are you aware that that confusing clause was first proposed to Emperor Constantine I by no other than Arius, in a letter of 327, and that that suggestion (in which Constantine saw a splendid opportunity for compromise) immediately earned Arius the imperial pardon and return from exile?

  2. John Bainbridge
    July 19, 2017 @ 4:59 pm

    Hi Dale,
    Thanks so much for this thoughtful and at times challenging response. I’ve responded in some detail on my blog here: http://faithandscripture.blogspot.fr/2017/07/responding-to-dale-tuggy-on-trinitarian.html

    Note to “spectators”: Dale has warned that he may not have time for further interaction on this, particularly not in the near future, so please do not interpret his non-response as me simply having some great final word. I don’t, and I’m learning a tonne in the whole process. The conversations must continue!