Dale Tuggy

Dale Tuggy is Professor of Philosophy at the State University of New York at Fredonia, where he teaches courses in analytic theology, philosophy of religion, religious studies, and the history of philosophy.


  1. R. Rao
    September 6, 2010 @ 11:50 am

    Where is Islam Inspired Modalism – Part 3? Thanks!

    • Dale
      September 7, 2010 @ 3:40 pm

      Nowhere that I can find – must have been a numbering error or my part?

  2. Manuel Culwell
    April 27, 2008 @ 3:04 pm

    The trinitarain view of Jesus incarantion denies the humanity of our Lord and relegates his humanity to a mere nature (which is not a person)this totally denies his real humanity, this is a built in contradiction of the trinity doctrine.

    I cannot seem to post my web address so I will give the title on yahoogroups. To discuss the manifold contradictions of the doctrine of the trinity.


    I cannot seem to find Trinitarains willing to come out from thier comfort zones of hit and run tactics, in posting of failed apologetics to discuss these thier contradictions.

  3. JohnO
    November 14, 2006 @ 2:29 pm


    I’m just saying the logical extension of these lines of thinking (Where Jesus is God, YHWH is God – yet YHWH and Jesus are not the same) creates two separate beings who are God – add holy spirit – and you have three: your trinity.

    You must admit that they are separate beings – Jesus died, YHWH did not. Just because all three fall under the classification of God does not mean there is one God. I am a human, you are a human. There is not one human – there are 6 billion humans. We all fall under the classification of human – yet there is not one human. These are simple terms.

  4. Dale
    November 10, 2006 @ 8:37 pm

    Hi JohnO,

    Not supposed to be three beings, of course (unless we’re talking about what you might call an extreme form of Social Trinitarianism). But they gotta be three somethings, as some things are true of each, which aren’t true of the other two. Problem is, the obvious move is to make them three modes of God – roles, ways of appearing, centers of consciousness, ways of relating to himself. But as I’ve argued, that seems a theological… dead end, to put it nicely.

    AnonMoos – I think Geisler counts as theologically trained, no? He’s dean of a seminary…

  5. JohnO
    November 10, 2006 @ 7:07 pm

    But then when the Father does something – isn’t the husband doing it also? (physically yes, metaphorically no) These three roles do not cause three separate beings to emerge do they? Yet Trinitarians claim that there are three beings who are equally God.

  6. AnonMoos
    November 10, 2006 @ 4:04 pm

    P.S. What happened to Part 3?

  7. AnonMoos
    November 10, 2006 @ 4:03 pm

    I’m not sure that much illumination emerges from considering apologistic discourses directed at Muslims, but the bit about analogizing the Trinity to a man who is simultaneously a son, husband, and father seems to be surprisingly popular among certain circles of non-theologically-trained Protestants (without reference to Muhammad, however)…