Dale Tuggy

Dale Tuggy is Professor of Philosophy at the State University of New York at Fredonia, where he teaches courses in analytic theology, philosophy of religion, religious studies, and the history of philosophy.


  1. Rose Brown
    March 21, 2015 @ 7:06 am

    Even the New Testament writers followed the Septuagint.


    Interestingly, the Tetragrammaton is associated with Jesus by way of ontology and identity.

    ??????? ???????? ????????? ??? ??????? ??? ???????????? ???’ ?????? ?????????????? ?????. Hebrews 1:4 (Greek)

    The Greek word DIAPHOROS means “different, excellent, and surpassing.”

    Inheritance – A legal transmission of property after death.

    To inherit something is “to have something due to being an offspring.”

    The Father did not die when he gave his inheritance to Christ. The reason is that what Christ inherits is God’s name. One who is God by name is eternal and cannot die. One who inherits
    God’s name is an offspring of same nature with God.

    The immediate context of Hebrews 1:4 shows that it is the Tertragrammaton that Christ inherited. Verse10 says that Christ is KURIOS who created the cosmos with his own hands. The Greek word KURIOS is the surrogate name for the Tetragrammaton known in first century Judaism.

    The name that is more excellent than the name of the angels is the name of God. The Biblical
    paradigm on the names of beings shows this truth:

    God = YHWH Exodus 3:14
    Angels = gods Exodus 15:11
    Humans = gods Exodus 7:11

    The name Jesus inherited is not the name ‘god’ or ‘son.’ Hebrews 1 is not equating Christ with the angels.Rather, Hebrews 1 is showing that Christ is above the angels!

    Jesus = a god/a son of God (creatures)
    Angels = gods/sons of God (creatures)

    Rather, it is clear from the texts that the reason Jesus is better than the angels is that he inherited the name that is above the name of the angels because he is the only begotten Son of God. This name is none other than the name of God who is Jesus’ own Father.

    The Father’s name = YHWH

    The name which the only
    begotten Son inherited = YHWH

    This explains the distinction and difference between the angels and Christ in Hebrews 1.

    Jesus = YHWH (God) Hebrews 1:8-10
    Angels = gods (creatures) Hebrews 1:4-7


  2. trinities - Jesus and “God” - Part 8 - Some recent Jewish scholars on the biblical Shema (Dale)
    December 11, 2008 @ 10:14 pm

    […] there are plenty of other monotheistic texts, even a few in Deuteronomy itself, which say that YHWH is the only god, or the only true […]


  3. trinities - Jesus and “God” - Part 6 - What did the Shema originally mean? (Dale)
    October 16, 2008 @ 2:10 pm

    […] preferred rendering above. The popular recent NLT goes along with the NIV exactly. The NJB (which I mentioned in the last post) goes with a variant of A1, […]


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