Dale Tuggy

Dale Tuggy is Professor of Philosophy at the State University of New York at Fredonia, where he teaches courses in analytic theology, philosophy of religion, religious studies, and the history of philosophy.


  1. Jeff Grant
    March 11, 2016 @ 1:34 am

    Edwards comes across as an eloquent but ignorant bigot. He spends his time criticizing the person and motives of Locke rather than searching the Scriptures for enlightenment on the points at issue.
    In many ways he fore-shadows the kind of narrow bigotry we now often see asserting the Trinity doctrine on many internet forums.

  2. Jonathan Jensen
    October 12, 2014 @ 3:36 am

    “After a somewhat unsatisfying reply by Locke, Edwards followed with Socinianism Unmask’d (1696), in which he objects that if Locke is right, every Muslim is automatically a Christian – which, of course, is absurd.”

    Yes, and sadly, when the “Jesus is God” becomes the main focus, people lose focus of what is actually stated. If they do concede to it, it seems as though they do so secondarily or as a “yeah, that’s ok too I guess” point of view.

    As such, the BIG THING that divides us from Muslims is apparently whether or not Jesus is God. Ask the Muslims how they feel about Jesus being given authority over every nation and every believer from those nations, including Muhammad. They, at that time, would rather fit Psalm 2:2,3 than a Christian. Jesus speaks the same way in Luke 19:27 about the rebellious being slaughtered.

    Certainly, Jesus being “the Son of God” and “Lord” and ruling the nations is contrary to their understanding, seeing as how they do not find these things in the Bible, where they should, but instead believe that the Apostles, and even Jesus, just kind of pull them out of thin air by “Revelation” that isn’t spoken about.

    Such ideas split similar meanings with different words into different meanings, such as is the case in these terms:
    – Born from above / Created anew / born of God / from heaven (John 3) / from above
    – Son of God / Messiah / Son of Man / Lord / firstborn / heir / ruler / prince
    – only-begotten / beloved
    The list goes on…