Dale Tuggy

Dale Tuggy is Professor of Philosophy at the State University of New York at Fredonia, where he teaches courses in analytic theology, philosophy of religion, religious studies, and the history of philosophy.


  1. Mario
    December 12, 2014 @ 8:05 am


    looking at Josh Blander’s handout (for which you have provided the link) the the core seems to be something as fancy as “formal and adequate distinctions”.

    No suprise Duns Scotus was nicknamed doctor subtilis.

    I have not traced this in Scotus himself, but I have read it from different and reliable sources. According to these sources, Scotus’s “separability criterion” can be formulated like this: “two items are really distinct iff one can exist without the other”.

    It doesn’t take much imagination to see as diverse application as the body-soul distinction, the divinity-humanity in Jesus, and, of course, the three “persons” of the Trinity …


  2. Sarah
    December 11, 2014 @ 7:50 pm

    I forgot to mention this other quote by Justin from Dialog with Trypho, chapter LX:

    “…it will not be the Creator of all things [YHWH] that is the God that said to Moses that He was the God of Abraham, and the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob, but it will be He who has been proved to you to have appeared to Abraham, ministering to the will of the Maker of all things [YHWH]…”


  3. Sarah
    December 11, 2014 @ 7:44 pm

    Hi Dale,

    Very interesting discussion on John 8:58 in the works of the early church fathers. I would suggest that while Justin himself did not apply this verse to Christ, he may well have laid the groundwork for such an application. The following is a quote from Jusin’s First Apology, LXIII:

    “And the angel of God spake to Moses in a flame of fire in a bush, and said, I am that I am, the God of Abraham, and the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob….He who spake to him was indeed the Son of God, who is called both Angel and Apostle…”

    It seems likely that Irenaeus, as a follower of Justin, honed in on this and deduced a connection to the ego eimi in Jn 8:58. And the rest, as they say, is history…


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