Dale Tuggy

Dale Tuggy is Professor of Philosophy at the State University of New York at Fredonia, where he teaches courses in analytic theology, philosophy of religion, religious studies, and the history of philosophy.


  1. Roman
    June 17, 2017 @ 6:34 pm

  2. Rivers
    June 17, 2017 @ 8:14 am

    Good points in the article.

    However, I wouldn’t concede to Hays that “sent into the world implies the preexistence of the son” since the writer of the 4th Gospel had already indicated that Jesus was “coming into the world” during the time of John’s baptism (John 1:9; John 12:46).

    Moreover, Jesus indicated that he was “sent into the world” in the same sense that his disciples had been “sent into the word” (John 17:18). Nobody infers “the preexistence of the apostles” because they are said to be “sent into the world” like Jesus.