Dale Tuggy

Dale Tuggy is Professor of Philosophy at the State University of New York at Fredonia, where he teaches courses in analytic theology, philosophy of religion, religious studies, and the history of philosophy.


  1. Mario
    December 31, 2014 @ 12:24 pm


    maybe that is how the Jews, in the end (actually, BEFORE the end) will come to accept (NOT Jesus as the Messiah, BUT) Jesus Christ o_o

  2. T A
    April 29, 2013 @ 10:01 am

    Dale, at the tail end there, you make a significant point. From personal experience well attested, trinitarianism has quite a variety. Each end user (?) has their own conceptuality, based on their personal preferences/limitations and background world-view. In my world, friends who are ST (social trinitarianists) and others who are LT (latin trinitarianists) do not see eye to eye any longer (and distance is indeed growing, cherished understandings are increasingly threatened). I’m inclined to view those who hold to a group/ divine society, on the whole, have more explaining to do, and are conceptually moving past the…[silent hushhh]… trinitarian/tri-theistic dividing line. And if Tertullian thought on the Trinity can be shown to be a version of monotheistic modalism, oh my, the foundations are shaking. Signs are pointing [cue background music] in a non-ST direction — dare we say a “Jewish monotheistic” direction? God forbid?

  3. James Goetz
    April 27, 2013 @ 1:29 am

    Hi Dale,

    Great series of parables 🙂

    Yes, the Christian Logos theologians from the second and third century such as Hippolytus and Tertullian inadvertently made tritheistic attempts of monotheism. They ultimately failed to present trinitarian models of monotheism or unitarian models of monotheism. They also failed to present coherent monotheism in both standard models of identity and relative models of identity.



  4. villanovanus
    April 26, 2013 @ 10:52 am

    … if Dale had bothered to look up LSJ, A Greek-English Lexicon, entry trias, he would have realized (been reminded?) that trias, in its heathen-mystical-philosophical use, far from being a word “Theophilus … or someone else in his circles has previously introduced”, goes (at least) all the way back to Pythagoras and Plato …

  5. villanovanus
    April 26, 2013 @ 4:39 am

    The Fairy Tale of Miss Trinity

    Dale, for the umpteenth time, is trying to tell us this amusing story: in the beginning there was “unitarianism”, then somehow (nothing to do with “Egyptian and Greek precursors”, God forbid!), some sort of “triad” and “subordinationism” popped up out of nowhere. Everybody was still very happy: nobody thought that “unitarianism” had been abandoned. Then Arius came and (without even realizing it, poor soul) he upset the apple cart of the status quo. Then Athanasius (more innocently – he still held on to the “one hypostasis“) and the Cappadocian scoundrels (more viciously – they were the ones who came up with the “one ousia in three hypostases“) invented the Fairy Tale of “co-equal, co-eternal, tri-personal” Miss Trinity. Entirely out of the blue. Christian children still enjoy listening to the Fairy Tale before going to sleep … 😉